When a volcano erupts, there are lava flows and plumes of smoke. But when said volcano is a submarine volcano, there may also be ejection of water vapor into the atmosphere. And in the case of the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’Apai volcano, which erupted last January, it involved colossal amounts of water vapor.
Last January, awith an extended name, baptized as Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’Apai, it erupted in the Pacific. A tsunami followed, affecting almost 90,000 people in the Tonga Islands. The sound of this powerful eruption flipped the Globe Structure twice…” data-image=”https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midioriginal/8/4/f/ 84ff7edce5_123534_terre -apollo8. jpg” data-url=”https://news.google.com/planete/definitions/structure-terre-terre-4725/” data-more=”Read more”> ! And today, (JPL, USA) teaches us that the wrath of the study of volcanoes is volcanology or volcanology. Volcanic activity is one of…” data-image=”https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midioriginal/d/c/f/dcfcbbf72e_125167_volcan-arenal-costa-rica. jpg” data- url=”https://news.google.com/planete/definitions/volcanologie-volcano-3537/” data-more=”Read more”> it also projected an absolutely colossal amount of water vapor into the . Enough to fill almost 60,000 Olympic swimming pools!
“We’ve never seen anything like it”comments Luis Millán, a JPL researcher, in a. According to their figures, they are nothing less than 146 teragrams, or 146 billion of water vapor that the Hunga Tonga volcano sent directly to the — and even slightly higher — the layer of the atmosphere that is between 15 and 50 kilometers above the ground. This is almost four times more than what was expelled by the eruption of Mount Pinatubo (Philippines) in 1991. And no less than 10% of the total amount of water vapor already present at this level of the atmosphere.
This is all the more remarkable as it remains rare in several categories of volcanic eruptions.
There are three main categories of eruptions…” data-image=”https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midioriginal/e/6/d/e6d4dc734e_124536_eruption-volcan-01.jpg” data – url =”https://news.google.com/planet/definitions/structure-earth-volcanic-eruption-455/” data-more=”Read more”> inject steam into the . Almost 20 years since the take readings. And that had only happened twice before. During the Kasatochi event (Alaska) in 2008 and during the Calbuco eruption (Chile) in 2015. In proportions far from being comparable, moreover. The excess water vapor had rapidly dissipated. This time, it could persist for up to ten years.
When the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai volcano erupted on January 1. On January 15, it sent a tsunami around the world and caused a sonic boom that circled the globe twice. The eruption also sent a plume into the stratosphere with enough water vapor to fill more than 58,000 Olympic-size swimming pools. pic.twitter.com/dmOjQle6dq
— NASA Climate (@NASAClimate) August 2, 2022
Consequences for life on Earth?
The researchers attribute the phenomenon to a kind of position “ideal” of boiler formation
These geological structures appear with…” data-image=”https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midioriginal/0/e/c/0ec02821a6_50034212_caldera-apuio-jon-ragnarsson-flickr.jpg” data-url=”https://news.google.com/planete/definitions/structure-earth-caldera-450/” data-more=”Read more”> of the volcano about 150 meters deep. deeper and the of the ocean would have shallower eruption and there would have been much less superheated water to form steam.
The problem is that the presence of
1. The reactant is not necessarily the species that reacts; thus, in the nitration of benzene, HNO3 is the reactant and the NO2+ cation is the reacting species.
2. The term “reagent” is also used as…” data-url=”https://news.google.com/sciences/definitions/chimie-reactif-4105/” data-more=”Read More”> . They tend to destroy . But stratospheric ozone is what protects life from radiation harmful that comes to us from The Sun is the closest star to Earth, from which it is about 150 million kilometers away. The Sun is 8.5 kparsecs from the center of the Milky Way. In stellar classification, the sun is a G2-type star.
The mass…” data-image=”https://cdn.futura-sciences.com/buildsv6/images/midioriginal/1/d/9/1d9cd1d45f_50034577_eruption.jpg” data-url=”https://news. google.com/sciences/definitions/univers-soleil-3727/” data-more=”Read more”> .
Water vapor also plays a fairly direct role in the
Symbol: S Atomic number: 16 Electrons per energy level: 2, 8, 6 Atomic mass: 32,065 u Most stable isotopes: 32 S…” data-image=”https://cdn.futura-sciences.com /buildsv6 /images /midioriginal/a/1/f/a1f6134b6a_50083739_bloc-soufre-gaznaturel-g-mckenna-flickr.jpg” data-url=”https://news.google.com/sciences/definitions/chimie-sulfur- 14521/ ” data -more=”Read more”> refreshing dissipated — in average temperatures. Raising them a little higher. Regarding a possible significant long-term effect on the anthropogenic, scientists remain divided at the moment.
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