Essai – Tesla Model Y Performance : les temps de recharge et de voyage de notre Supertest

tesla Supercharger

The Tesla Model Y Performance has panicked in our ranking in terms of autonomy. It remains to analyze its performance in terms of recharging.

A kind of Tesla Model 3 size XXL, the Model Y takes up the successful recipe of the sedan. Impressive efficiency, stifling performance and interesting technologies are its hallmarks. Traveling on board is just a formality and ends prejudices about electric cars with 21-inch wheels. We expected no less from this SUV.

On long highway journeys, it registers an average consumption of 21.5 kWh/100 in our hands, or 348 km of autonomy in total. With less wind and less choppy air conditioning, you can very easily consider clawing an extra twenty miles. But what is it like to travel, exactly? Respond with this second part dedicated to the Supertest of this SUV.

Tesla Model Y Performance charging curve: a complete tool in 32 minutes

The Tesla Model Y Performance is equipped with a 75 kWh net capacity battery according to many estimates. It is no longer a secret. Connected to sufficiently robust fast terminals, it can increase up to 250 kW of power in direct current. No other electric SUV charges as strongly yet. Not even the crossovers (are they SUVs, by the way?) from the Korean group Hyundai-Kia, like the Hyundai Ioniq 5.

But unlike its competitors, the charging curve doesn’t plateau at any point. Also, during this test, the Model Y never reached the maximum power promised in the brochure, consuming a maximum of 222 kW very briefly at 15% load. Would the 37°C temperature that day have a detrimental effect on the preconditioned battery? This is one of the only explanations, as the V3 Superchargers can deliver their full power regardless of the number of cars connected to the station.

Still, the curve is what it is, and drops off dramatically beyond this observed peak. And the values ​​are low: at 50%, the counter shows 107 kW, while only 47 kW remain at 80%! This represents 81.2% less than the announced peak, or 78.8% less than the peak observed that day. For comparison, the Hyundai Ioniq 5 still generated 114 kW at 80% load. Also, if the battery isn’t the same, of course, the curve recorded during our exclusive test of the Tesla Model S Long Autonomy showed a more satisfying shape.

In the end, the usual 10-80% exercise claimed 32 minutes of immobilization here from the Supercharger. The powers are not exceptional, but the refueling is in the average of the electric time trial market that concerns us. It then takes an additional 12 minutes to reach 90%, while charging to 100% requires an additional 20 minutes. In the end, we clocked in at 65 minutes to go from 10% to 100%.

But it was not our surprise to carry out another full recharge, initially without much conviction, on an Efacec-Allego terminal with a maximum power of 160 kW. The context is almost the same: a car that has already driven many kilometers before being plugged in, an outside temperature of 34°C and no battery preconditioning activated. Again, the maximum power (promised by the terminal) was not reached, rising to a maximum of 134 kW at 40% load. It was after this long plateau that the curve began to drop, with values ​​slightly higher than in the last generation Supercharger. A pity, which turned out to be 10-80% in 34 minutes! You know the line: “Without dominating power is nothing”. The perfect Model/Supercharger symbiosis obviously doesn’t always work

. Typical recharge curve
10 to 80% 80 to 100% 10 to 100%
Charging time (in min) 32 33 Sixty-five
Autonomy gained (in km) 244 69 313

Autonomy recovered: 233 km in 30 minutes

But more than the total recharge time, it is the autonomy recovered per minute of recharge that matters most in roaming. And with its efficiency and total range of 348 km, the Tesla Model Y Performance puts the church back in the middle of town. Thus, taking this data into account, you can gain almost 233 km in 30 minutes of recharging. It’s just below the Ioniq 5 which doesn’t play on the same court when it comes to charging speed.

Recovered autonomy
Charging time (in min) fifteen 30 Four. Five 60
Autonomy gained (in km) 149 233 278 306

How much are Tesla Model Y Performance Charges?

The price of Superchargers is constantly increasing. Now, the national average is €0.50/kWh. This is the price list that applies to the Avallon and Dardilly stations, the stages of our 500 km reference run.

For a 10 to 80% recharge, Model Y recovers 54 kWh according to the on-board meter. Or almost 60 kWh on average according to the meter of all other charging stations. In a Supercharger, the typical recharge therefore represents a total amount of €27. Or €11.06/100 km depending on the range observed on this long journey.

We did not do the necessary top-ups for this trip (see below). However, if we had respected the necessary fees, we would have paid €28. As usual, the price of refueling on arrival to find the starting SoC depends on the charging point. The final cost price could then range between €11.54/100 km (in Supercharger) and €7.70/100 km (recharge at home).

On-Board Route Planner: Excessive Caution

For this Supertest, we were only able to complete a 500km trip, in the Paris-Lyon direction. We typically take advantage of this for reload testing, leaving plenty of time to focus on route planners and establish the fastest possible roadmap on the way back. From then on, we barely changed our stage plan so we could hook up to one of the Superchargers below 10% to set up a curve.

Leaving Porte d’Orléans in Paris with a 96% battery, the on-board planner was particularly cautious in his estimates. According to him, our first stop was going to be at the Auxerre Supercharger, where we passed with 50% remaining charge. Useless, especially since these V2 terminals do not allow you to take full advantage of the Model Y’s charging capabilities.

Finally, it was at the Avallon station where the stop was the most consistent, where we still had 33% battery. An 80% recharge here gets you to the Dardilly station in one go, where we’ve achieved our 10-100% benchmark. Note that the stage could have been much shorter here, as a 35% charge level would have been enough to pass the 500km mark with 20% charge remaining.

In retrospect, we could have arrived at the Beaune Nord station with a SoC between 5 and 10% charged. Almost 35 minutes later, we could be back on the road to our destination. With this route plan we would have saved ourselves… 4 minutes of recharging in total. is negligible. Of course, this is only a theory, although it is quite close to reality, since it is based on our constant measurements throughout the trip.

In the end, according to this diagram, by retaining only the necessary recharge times, we add 39 minutes of immobilization to 4:18 hours of driving that day. That is a total of 4 hours 57 to complete the 500 km of reference. However, it is worth adding here the minutes lost to reach the Superchargers located outside the highways, with an average package of 8 minutes, compared to the usual 4 minutes of the rest area stations. This brings the trip to a total of 5:13 hours.

The Tesla planner is very intuitive to use. If you are in doubt about your estimates, it is quite simple to select another Supercharger and find out the charging rate upon arrival. In contrast, the ABRP and Chargemap planners rely on a slightly higher consumption than our reality, but also in much faster recharge times with 23 minutes and 18 minutes of recharge respectively, in two times. ABRP chooses the Avallon and Tournus Superchargers (8 and 15 minute stops), while Chargemap provides the Avallon Supercharger and Beaune Electra station (3 and 15 minute stops). In short, none equals Tesla’s on-board planner, which nonetheless deserves to be contradicted from time to time.

What is the Supertest?

Lovers of numbers and allergic to official technical sheets, the Supertest, Automobile-Propre’s new test format, is made for you, gathering the data collected during a test in real conditions and according to a transparent and precise protocol. We will add them the Wednesday following the publication of the second part dedicated to the Tesla Model Y Performance to our summary article. allowing to compare the recorded values ​​of the tested models, which will make the whole value of the section.

If you want to go further, do not hesitate to consult our tests and exchange with the community in our discussion forum.

#Essai #Tesla #Model #Performance #les #temps #recharge #voyage #notre #Supertest

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