La rémission d’un cancer signifie t-elle la guérison?

Presse Santé

Remission means that the signs and symptoms of the cancer have decreased. It can be partial or complete. When a person experiences a complete remission of cancer, all signs and symptoms of the disease disappear. This article examines what it means to be in remission. It also explores types of remission, what follow-up care a person can expect, and when to contact a doctor after going into remission.

What does cancer remission mean?

Being in remission refers to a time when cancer treatment is working and keeping the disease under control. Remission can last from a few weeks to several years, during or after treatment. A person must have a reduction in the number or severity of their symptoms to be in remission. Remission does not mean that a person is cured of cancer. If a person’s cancer is cured, it means that there are no traces of the disease left in the body and it will not come back. Because there may still be cancer cells in the body, the cancer may come back or come back.

Referral Types

There are two types of referral: partial referral and full referral.
Partial remission means that the cancer has responded well to treatment and has shrunk. Although this may mean that a person has reduced symptoms of the disease, the disease has not completely disappeared.

Complete remission means that all signs, symptoms, and traces of cancer cells are gone. After 5 years of complete remission, some doctors may say that the person is cured.
Being in complete remission does not necessarily mean that the cancer is completely gone, as it can come back years later. However, even if the disease comes back after complete remission, a new round of treatment can bring the cancer back into remission.

Follow-up care after referral

When a person begins cancer treatment, the doctor must check how they are doing. If a person achieves a partial remission, the oncology team may need to adjust treatment to achieve a complete remission. After a complete remission, the person will have to undergo regular check-ups. These tests will look for signs that the cancer is coming back, which could indicate that more treatment is needed.

For the first 2 to 3 years after treatment, a person will usually need to have checkups every 3 to 4 months. From then on, it will only have to appear once or twice a year. These visits include a physical exam, blood tests, and other tests specific to the person’s previous cancer.

During these appointments, the person can talk about any emotional or physical problems they are having. He should also talk about any new or persistent symptoms. The presence of symptoms does not necessarily mean that the cancer has come back.

A person may discuss the following with the doctor:

– use of any new medications or supplements
– any physical problem that may interfere with daily life
– changes in family medical history
– symptoms of depression or anxiety.

Cancer treatment can also cause side effects that appear months or years after treatment. These effects are called late effects. Because these effects are specific to the person’s treatment, the doctor will have discussed late effects to watch for during follow-up.
The person should inform the doctor of the appearance of any late effects.

What does recidivism mean?

Recurrence means that the cancer has come back after a complete remission. Although most cancers come back within the first five years, they can come back several years later. Cancer can come back where it started or in another part of the body. Doctors will do tests to find out if the cancer is the same as the old one or if a new type of cancer has developed.

Does cancer always come back after remission?

When a person is in remission after treatment, the cancer does not always come back. Doctors cannot predict the likelihood that the disease will come back. However, the risk of recurrence is higher if the cancer is growing rapidly, is more advanced, or is widespread. Even if a recurrence occurs, a person can achieve a complete remission again with treatment.

When to contact a doctor after a referral?

Your doctor will likely recommend frequent checkups for the first few years. He may then recommend checkups once or twice a year after 2 or 3 years. You should tell your doctor if you have any unusual signs or symptoms that could mean your cancer has come back. If the disease returns, most do so within the first 5 years after complete remission. Cancers grow and return at different rates. A person’s doctor is the best person to tell them when to come back for a checkup.


Remission means that the symptoms and signs of cancer have decreased. People can be in partial or complete remission. Partial remission means that the cancer and its symptoms are still present but under control. Complete remission means that tests can no longer detect the disease in the body and your symptoms and signs have disappeared. Being in remission does not mean that a person is cured, as the cancer can come back. However, if the disease recurs, affected individuals may achieve a complete remission again after further treatment.

* Presse Santé strives to transmit health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE, the information provided can not replace the advice of a health professional.

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