Top 10 des problèmes de santé de l’été expliqués | Topito

Top 10 des problèmes de santé de l’été expliqués | Topito

This summer, like every summer, you are going to hear about the same health problems, and like every summer, you are going to understand more or less what we are talking about, but nothing more. Why ? Well, because you are not doctors, you don’t see Health Magazine every day or, simply, because no one has ever really explained to you what it was all about, all these problems with more or less oddities. What luck: it’s time to catch up.

1. Sunstroke

Not a single summer goes by that we don’t hear about heatstroke, and honestly, we never really knew what it was, except that it had to do with getting too much sun in your mouth. Well, heat stroke, in fact, that’s it: overexposure to the sun, which leads to heat stroke. Basically, the body struggles to regulate its heat due to this too violent and prolonged exposure. This causes sunburn, nausea, dizziness, headaches, or even complete loss of consciousness. The kind of thing that makes you want to wear a bucket hat and curl up under an umbrella.

2. Hydrocution

If you have to get wet little by little before entering fresh water in summer, it is to avoid hydrocution. Okay, that’s all well and good, but it doesn’t tell us exactly what hydrocution is. So we tell you: it is a heat stroke that leads to too rapid a decrease in blood vessels (this is called “vasoconstriction”). It causes vagal discomfort because the heart suddenly slows down to restore normal blood pressure, which means the brain no longer receives adequate blood supply. And experiencing vagal discomfort when you’re in the middle of the water is a bit annoying, as it leads directly to drowning. Now that you have understood it, it is not so much the hydrocution itself that is dangerous (although there is also the risk of a heart attack), but above all the fact that it makes us lose consciousness in the water. . In short, do not jump directly into the pool in summer. Instead, listen to Mom and Dad telling you to get your neck wet first.

3. Drowning

Here, let’s stay on topic and explain a bit about what actually happens during a drowning. Specifically, therefore, the airways are flooded, which means that there is water where air is supposed to circulate in the body (in the lungs, all of a sudden). If it is soft water, it will dilute the blood and cause cardiac fatigue. If it is salt water, it will concentrate the blood and cause pulmonary edema. In both cases, it is super dangerous and you have to intervene very quickly by calling the emergency services and applying the appropriate actions if you have received first aid training.

4. Dehydration

Ok, you know, dehydration is a lack of water. We don’t teach you anything here. But we still want to show you something so we tell you a little more. In addition to the lack of water, what poses a problem in dehydration is the lack of mineral salts, in particular sodium. Since sodium helps to fix water in cells, to make kidneys, nerves and muscles work, its too strong reduction in the body is dangerous. In terms of symptoms, dehydration first causes thirst, dry lips, and tiredness, then when it intensifies, it turns into fever, headaches, dizziness, malaise, (bad) delirium, coma, and death (but this means that you are very well dehydrated). You have understood: you have to drink water regularly.

5. Sunburn

Là, vous êtes en train de vous rappeler de vos belles traces de coup de soleil et vous vous dites que vous savez ce que est, mais est-ce que vous savez précisément ce qu’il se passe dans votre peau pendant un coup of sun? No. Either you’re doing medicine, but what are you doing here then? In short, we speak to those who do not know. Sunburn is a burn caused by UVB rays from the sun. Due to them, there is a dilation of the superficial cutaneous vessels, which causes this characteristic red color. That’s the nice sunburn, first degree. Then there is a superficial second-degree sunburn, blistering but not yet too severe, then a deep second-degree sunburn, which destroys skin vessels and can leave scars. We recommend that you use sunscreen regularly.

6. Melanoma

Sun exposure doesn’t just cause sunburn. It can also start in melanoma, a malignant tumor of the skin’s pigment system. It is a type of skin cancer. It comes in the form of a dark spot that can have several different shapes. Either it comes out of nowhere or from a mole we already had, hence the interest in having our skin checked regularly by a dermatologist. If you find a task to be suspicious, you can delete it and have it analyzed, etc. Once again, the bottom line is the same: put on a good sunscreen at night.

7. Plantar warts

In the summer, he walks barefoot and may have plantar warts. Warts are unsightly growths caused by a fairly contagious virus. It spreads either by direct contact (your foot touched someone else’s, gang of rascals) or indirect (you walked on the same tiles as this guy who already had a wart). It’s boring but no big deal as a dermatologist can easily burn their face with liquid nitrogen or acid. Burn the mouth of the wart, eh, not the guy who gave it to you.

8. Plantar mycoses

Let’s stay glamorous with plantar mycosis (also called “athlete’s foot” if you want to appear athletic). Plantar fungus is simply a fungus that has developed on the foot, most often between the toes, where it is very hot and humid. It is usually contracted by walking on an infected surface, such as swimming pools or gyms. As for the symptoms, we find skin that itches and flakes and can smell like death. It is easily treated with cream or powder, but if you don’t want to come to that, wash your feet and dry them well.

9. Heavy legs

Among the boring things accentuated by the heat are “heavy legs.” In fact, the legs do not weigh more than normal, but their owner feels it because the blood circulation is no longer optimal in their little legs. It can even lead to varicose veins, venous thrombosis, and phlebitis, which is even less fun than the term “heavy legs.” So it’s not great.

10. Ear infections

One of the worst things you can get after a swim (or even a plane ride) is a deathly good ear infection. Otitis is an inflammation or infection of a part of the ear (external auditory canal, middle ear, or internal auditory canal, if you are ever familiar with the anatomy of the ear). This causes pain in the ear, a sensation of blockage and, depending on the case, liquid secretion. It can be treated very well, but it is still extremely complicated. Of those that fuck you a week of vacation.

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