GUIDE. Vous cherchez une voiture électrique d’occasion ? Voici 10 questions à vous poser avant d’acheter

GUIDE. Vous cherchez une voiture électrique d'occasion ? Voici 10 questions à vous poser avant d'acheter

the essential
If you’re thinking about buying a used electric vehicle, what are the right questions to ask? What models are available? At what price? Pitfalls to avoid? Our advice for a carefree purchase.

Buy a used electric car? The idea may have been in your head for a few months. High gas prices, respect for the environment, traffic restrictions in big cities: there are many reasons to go electric.

Buying an electric car sometimes means taking a leap into the unknown. What criteria should be taken into account? Mistakes that should not be made? the midi office gives you some tips on how to get there.

What will be the use of the vehicle?

First reflex to have: define the use of the vehicle. Will it be a second vehicle to go to work, take the children to school or go shopping? Will it be the main vehicle of the family? In the first case, a city car is enough. In the second case, you have to buy a sedan or an SUV.

What models are available?

The most common electric vehicle is the Renault Zoé, launched in 2012. In ten years, the model has come a long way: range, battery size, charging system. “A Renault Zoé 2012 has nothing to do with a Zoé 2022”, explains Pierre Desjardins, chief editor of the site. auto-propre.com. A Zoé of the same year may even be different.

The other most common model is the Nissan Leaf. On specialized sites there are also ads for the Dacia Spring, the Hyundai Ioniq, the Volkswagen e-Golf, the Kia e-Niro or the Tesla Model 3 and Model S, for example.

Are there patterns to avoid?

Two models are not recommended by Nicolas Bernard, the editor-in-chief ofAutomatic More : the Citroën C0 and the Peugeot iOn. “These are clones of a very narrow little Mitsubishi, they should be avoided because of their tiny range or because of their behavior. They really aren’t big.”

The use of the electric car serves to choose the model.
Photo DDM, Romain Gruffaz

What are the most autonomous models?

Battery life has come a long way in just a few years. The specialists we interviewed advise favoring models marketed from 2017-2018 that have a range of at least 250 km. Nicholas Bernard ofAutomatic More recommends not purchasing an older model than a Renault Zoé ZE-40 put into service at the end of 2016. An electric car used as a second vehicle, with a range of 250 km, is recharged only once a week on average

What are the prices ?

It is possible to find a used electric vehicle for around 10,000 euros. For a sedan you have to put double: more than 20,000 euros.

Are there helpers?

For the purchase of a used electric vehicle, there is a state bonus of 1,000 euros. You must keep the vehicle for at least two years. In addition, for the inhabitants of Occitania, the region offers an eco-mobility check of a maximum of €2,000. At the same time, it is possible to receive a conversion bonus, between €2,500 and €5,000 depending on your income, if you scrap a diesel model prior to 2011 or a gasoline model prior to 2006. Corresponds to the Crit’ vignettes of air 3 , 4, 5 and beyond,” explains Pierre Desjardins of the site auto-propre.com.

Motorists recharge their electric car on the road on vacation.

Motorists recharge their electric car on the road on vacation.
Photo MaxPPP

What are the vehicle charging times?

Some models can only be recharged at a conventional power outlet, the latest ones can also be recharged at fast charging stations. At home it can be interesting to install a wallbox, a charging station. The vehicle plugged in in the evening is charged to 100% in the morning (compared to 20 hours in a conventional socket). The price of this charging station, between €1,000 and €1,500, depends on the desired electrical power and the options. Installation entitles you to a tax credit. It will probably be necessary to increase the power of your electricity meter and therefore take out a more expensive subscription.

Can we have an electric vehicle in a residence?

The law establishes a “right to take.” If you wish to have an individual socket to recharge your electric vehicle, the trustee cannot object. The work will be your responsibility. It will be necessary to install a meter for billing.

What should you pay attention to before buying an electric vehicle?

It is absolutely advisable to know the state of health of the battery. Over the years, as with a mobile phone, the battery loses autonomy due to too frequent charging, fast charging or temperatures. The battery must be above 80%. “If I had any advice to give, I would buy a used electric car from a garage and not from a private individual,” advises Nicolas Bernard ofAutomatic More. Then it is necessary to make a diagnosis called SOH (“state of health”). The Moba company offers this service for €49. It sends you a box that you must connect to the OBD socket of the vehicle to carry out the diagnosis before sending the box to the company for analysis.

What are the maintenance costs on an electric model?

An electric vehicle, by definition, does not have to do any oil changes. On the other hand, as in a thermal vehicle, you have to change the brake discs and pads or the shock absorbers. Tires must be monitored. An electric vehicle, being heavier, wears out the tires more quickly.

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