Fours à pizza : pourquoi s’équiper et comment choisir ?

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Preparing a pizza requires select ingredients and a suitable oven. Summary of the things you need to know and the options available to cooks to make tasty pizzas in the oven, just like in Naples… or almost.

If we are very proud of our gastronomy, in France we also love pizza. The French are even the second largest consumers in the world according to a Gira Conseil study shared by Domino’s Pizza in 2020, just behind the United States and well ahead of the Italians. However, since then, the case of Buitoni pizzas contaminated with e.coli bacteria has come to disrupt our eating habits. According to the research firm Nielsen (via BFM), pizza is less popular, at least in supermarkets. Between March and June 2022, sales would have fallen almost 35% in one year in the frozen section and almost 10% in the fresh section. It makes no sense to completely deprive yourself of this delicious Italian bread. Of course, it is still possible to go to a restaurant, but the best way to avoid unpleasant surprises is perhaps to prepare them yourself, which also offers complete freedom in the choice of side dish.

A pizza fresh out of a pizza oven.

The pizza oven allows you to make a well puffed dough, like in the pizzeria.

© Cavan Images / Cavan via Getty Images

Obviously, you don’t become a pizza maker overnight. We are still talking about a culinary practice listed as UNESCO intangible cultural heritage since 2017. However, it is still possible to achieve good results at home, with a little practice, of course, good ingredients, but also a good oven. . Although it is of course possible to cook a pizza in a traditional domestic oven, the result is rarely as convincing as in a pizzeria, especially if we are talking about authentic Neapolitan pizzerias, with their golden, crispy and airy pizzas. However, more and more manufacturers offer specific ovens for individuals, which are supposed to allow such results to be achieved.

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Traditional oven vs pizza oven: what are the differences?

The main difference between a traditional oven and a pizza oven is temperature. To develop properly, pizza dough requires a thermal shock. Dedicated ovens are therefore capable of reaching much higher temperatures than traditional ovens – up to 400°C and even 500°C for some. In addition, most of the time they have a stone or ceramic soleplate, capable of accumulating heat to transfer it directly to the dough when it is placed on it. It is essential to form a well-ventilated crust, but also to properly cook the center of the pizza, where tomato sauce can soak into the crust and prevent it from cooking properly in a traditional oven.

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Finally, keep in mind that the cavity is generally lower in pizza ovens, which allows for faster heating and better temperature control. As a result, it is very rare to find multiple flats there. Of course, not all pizza ovens are created equal. The choice must first be made according to the energy used.

The wood oven for authentic pizzas

Purists will prefer the wood fire. This is the traditional method of cooking pizza. Thanks to its dry heat, the wood fire allows to obtain a crispy crust on the outside and tender on the inside, with a slight smoked flavor as a bonus.

Ladybug Wood oven

Launch price €449


Ladybug Wood oven

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    499.00

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    543.99

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Alfa Forno 1 Pizza


Alfa Forno 1 Pizza

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    1,120.28

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    1,135.00

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On the other hand, wood-fired ovens require more work and time to fire up, not to mention the space needed to store the wood. It is also more difficult to control the temperature there. It can only be adjusted by opening and closing the door, but more often a thermometer is used to check if the oven is hot enough. It is also not recommended to use a wood oven indoors due to the release of smoke and embers. Finally, they also require a little more maintenance than others, since the ashes have to be emptied periodically in addition to brushing the sole.

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alpha pizza oven

In Alpha, a location on the side for wood is provided.

© Alpha

The pellet or wood pellet oven can be an interesting alternative to the wood oven. It offers almost the same benefits, with a slightly less pronounced smoke flavor, but is easier to light and maintain. It is still necessary to plan and store the bags of pellets.

Ooni Fira 12

Launch price €299


Ooni Fira 12

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    249.00

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    269.99

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    285.55

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    288.99

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    299.00

  • fnac.comfnac.com

    299.99

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    299.99

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The gas oven for those in a hurry

Even easier to use, gas ovens work with propane or butane cylinders, which are usually enough for several uses. Therefore, most of the time there is nothing more to do than press a button to turn it on. Some models even offer temperature adjustment to the nearest degree, but there are still knobs to turn to adjust the intensity of the flames and a thermometer to monitor the temperature in the cavity.

Gozney's Rock Box

The Gozney Roccbox burner is placed at the bottom.

© Gozney

As for a barbecue, the gas oven includes more or fewer burners, usually at the bottom or on one or more sides of the stone, and heating is fast. Gas burning, on the other hand, produces a more moist heat than wood, and thus a slightly less crispy crust. For maintenance, a brush stroke is enough. On the other hand, empty gas cylinders must be returned to the retailer and this type of oven is generally not recommended indoors, even if, in the absence of smoke and embers, its use there is less uncomfortable than that of a wood-fired oven. .

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Ooni Koda 16

Launch price €599


Ooni Koda 16

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    583.11

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    589.00

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    599.00

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    599.00

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    599.00

  • fnac.comfnac.com

    599.99

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    599.99

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    613.16

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    670.00

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Gozney ROCCBOX

Launch price €469


Gozney ROCCBOX

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    469.00

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    469.00

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The indoor electric oven

To enjoy good pizzas without a garden or outdoor space, it is best to use an electric oven, which is therefore flameless and generally more compact. There are even models with a lid just wider than a pizza. It is also the easiest to use. You just plug it into an outlet to turn it on and there’s usually a thermostat to adjust the temperature. Different modes can also be offered to make adjustments even easier.

Sage Smart Oven Pizzaiolo


Sage Smart Oven Pizzaiolo

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    697.00

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    799.99

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    829.99

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G3 Ferrari Delizia

Launch price €139


G3 Ferrari Delizia

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    88.99

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    107.39

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    107.39

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    119.95

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    119.98

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The electric oven heats by means of resistances, most of the time at the bottom and at the top, but the temperature rise is not as fast as with gas. You will also have to pay attention to the power at the time of purchase, as well as the temperature range so that it can deliver enough heat for the dough to develop well.

What alternatives to the pizza oven?

If you don’t have room for a real pizza oven, it’s still possible to get good results with a traditional oven and a few tricks. The first thing is to insert a baking stone. You can find them at many merchants, but be careful with the dimensions anyway – it’s best to measure your grid beforehand to make sure the stone will fit on it. It will also allow the heat of the oven to be stored to brown the dough, although it is obviously subject to the technical limits of the oven. Therefore, it is best to start it at the maximum temperature and let it heat up for 30 to 45 minutes before putting it in the oven.

Navaris cooking stone

Many cooking stones are commercially available, for ovens, but also for barbecues.

© Navaris

Another method, more original, is to precook the dough from below in a very hot pan, then transfer it to the oven tray and decorate it to finish cooking. But the easiest way is still to invest in a pizza oven, at least for the Neapolitan version. Deep-dish pizzas, for example, require longer cooking times and work very well in a traditional oven.

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