Hiring difficulties: transport, education… Which sectors are the most affected?

Hiring difficulties: transport, education… Which sectors are the most affected?


There are “70,000 vacancies in the industry,” Minister Roland Lescure assured businessmen at the end of August. Marked by the wave of company closures in the 1980s, the sector has been experiencing tension for several years, which has increased with the health crisis. Metallurgy suffers particularly: boilermakers, boilermakers and welders are among the 10 professions where hiring is most difficult in 2022, according to the Pôle emploi “Job Needs” survey, published in April.

The situation is explained “in part by the mismatch between supply and demand” of employees, explains David Derré, director of training for employment at the UIMM, an employers’ association in the sector that intends to highlight “the question of strategic sovereignty” that this sector. to attract candidates.


In July, 61% of construction companies said they had hiring difficulties, according to a Banque de France economic update published in August. At the head of the most difficult positions to fill, according to Pôle Emploi: roofers. Also in the top 10 are carpenters and fit-out workers.

“We could do much better (accept more sites, etc.) if we could recruit more easily,” said Jean-Christophe Repon, president of the Confederation of Crafts and Small Construction Companies (Capeb).

The transports

School buses, public transport, trains and even air transport: no sector of passenger transport escapes the shortage of employees, with the consequent deterioration of service to users. According to the Banque de France, 78% of companies in the sector reported difficulties hiring in July. Main reason for this disenchantment: working conditions and salaries that do not attract.

“We have to work weekends, nights, holidays. The July-August holidays must be forgotten, especially at the beginning”, explains Didier Mathis, general secretary of Unsa-Ferroviaire. To make up for the lack of staff, airlines are looking to recruit now for next season.

Engineers, consulting and digital

The companies also lack engineers and consultants, due to the “shortage of talent” and “strong competition from companies with certain profiles,” according to the Syntec federation, which brings together the unions of these unions. Since the health crisis, the federation has noted an aspiration “to work differently”, with many executives requesting, for example, a week of four or more days of telecommuting.

The difficulties are especially strong in the digital sector where 79% of companies mentioned in May the “lack of talent” as the main obstacle to their growth. In consulting, businessmen are betting on a “diversification of profiles”, according to Syntec. In short: recruiting, for example, from less reputable schools.


The education sector is affected by an unprecedented crisis in the hiring of teachers, with more than 4,000 vacancies not filled in competitions this year, out of the 27,300 vacancies open in the public and private sectors (and 850,000 teachers in total). To respond to this shortage, the National Education has hired contract teachers, with 3,000 people hired for this start of the school year according to the ministry.

In the longer term, the government is working to make the profession attractive again by increasing teachers’ salaries so that none of them start their career “for less than €2,000 net” a month at the start of the 2023 school year, according to government.

Care and social professions

Among the 10 professions where hiring is most difficult, according to Pôle Emploi, are home helpers and housewives in second place. In ninth place are nurses, nursing managers and childminders. These professionals had to continue working during the health crisis and found themselves on the “front line” with particularly difficult working conditions due to the virus.

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