Consumption – Gas, electricity, wood… What solution should be favored for heating in a context of explosive energy costs?

Gaz, électricité, bois... Quelle solution privilégier pour se chauffer dans un contexte d

Between January and October 2021, the prices of natural gas, imported almost exclusively from abroad, increased by almost 50%. They have not moved since then, due to the implementation of the tariff shield. Without the latter, the Energy Regulation Commission (CRE) announced a few days ago that prices would have had to skyrocket +105.10% taxes included during the entire period?! The government system has also made it possible to contain the acceleration in the price of electricity to 4% compared to 2022, when the CRE recommended a tenfold increase at the beginning of the year.

Gas and electricity are exploding, and it’s not over

Yes, but here it is. Although Gabriel Attal, Delegate Minister of Public Accounts, announced last weekend that the Government would continue to act in 2023 to limit price inflation, the tariff shield will surely last less than the explosion in the price of these energies, between international tensions and concerns about the French nuclear fleet.

Electricity, pellets, gas, diesel… How do you heat your town?

Those who thought they were getting a good deal by choosing an offer whose prices are indexed to the markets can already attest to this, with double-digit increases in recent months. For those interested, the site of the National Energy Mediator (www.energie-info.fr) offers a comparison of the different offers, to find the most interesting.

“It is very easy to change providers, all you have to do is open a contract to terminate the previous one directly. But it is absolutely necessary to make sure that the offer is indexed to the regulated prices. »

Caroline Keller (Head of the information and communication service of the independent public authority)

With so much uncertainty about gas and electricity, it may be time to think about a new heating option. “For this winter, it will be a bit late because the artisans’ order books are full. But it really is time to ask questions, says Anne Savignon, director of the local energy and climate agency in Nièvre. It is an expensive investment, so take your time, talk to your France Rénov advisor to choose the best solution for your home. »

Why, at the dawn of a major energy crisis, the state of health of the French nuclear park is worrying

Wood is still the most interesting energy.

Because not everything is possible. If you currently operate with central heating, you can replace your gas or diesel boiler with a heat pump or a wood-burning boiler. In the case of decentralized heating, the solution will either be to change the radiators -the new ones provide greater comfort and allow the thermostat to be lowered- or an additional heating system by installing a wood stove. “Despite the increase in the price of pellets and their temporary scarcity, wood remains the cheapest energy source, confirms Anne Savignon. Also, the wood is usually local and sustainable because our forests are well managed. »

The photovoltaic sector continues to structure itself

Photovoltaics may also be a credible option, although the question of self-consumption still arises, with production being greater in summer and needs in winter.

But by the way, is it necessarily mandatory to change the heating system to lower the bill? “Sometimes it is not necessarily the first thing to do and that is not where investments should be focused,” warns Florence Clément, head of consumer information at Ademe.

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Isolating your home can also be a solution

And to add, “once you have reduced your heating needs by insulating your home, you can start up the technical solutions behind it adapted to the new situation”.

For Anne Savignon, the difficulties of this year 2022, to which it is necessary to respond urgently, must be an opportunity for a more global reflection.

“We must work over time, on the structural side, to free ourselves from expensive energy and hydrocarbons, trying to tend towards greater sobriety, limiting their consumption and chasing waste”, concludes the professional from Nivernaise. .

Maxim Scott

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