Data never seen before about the electric car in France

Borne de recharge VE

The Watts d’Or trophy gives us a unique opportunity to produce some statistics on the electric car market in France. This is what you need to remember.

Our Watts d’Or trophy for Electric Car of the Year is underway, the jury’s vote is complete, and now it’s the public (you) who have the hand, or rather the voice, to express their preferences until midnight on September 30th. .

Doing documentary research and compiling the data and characteristics that allowed us to draw up the list of nominees in the premier category, specifically that of the electric car of the year, we were able to mix the figures to extract some interesting statistics about reality. of the electric car market in France. Sometimes with some surprises.

These are some elements to take into account without their disclosure altering or influencing the vote.

Data on brands and countries represented

Number of new models launched in France and available for sale to the public between October 1, 2021 and September 30, 2022: 20

  • Number of brands represented: 14
  • Number of versions or variations: 48, that is, an average of 2.4 versions per model
  • Most represented brand: Mercedes (4 models)
  • Number of French brands: 2 (Renault and Citroën)
  • Number of German brands: 4 (Audi, BMW, Mercedes, VW)
  • Number of American brands: 1 (Tesla)
  • Number of Korean brands: 1 (Kia)
  • Number of Chinese brands: 1 (MG Motors)
  • Number of Japanese brands: 2 (Nissan and Toyota)
  • Other brands: 3
  • Share of European brands: 64%

VE Country

It is interesting to note that, contrary to what one might imagine at first glance, the feared (or scrutinized in any case) Chinese invasion is not really a reality yet. Only one Chinese brand appears on this list, MG Motors, with 2 models launched during the reference period, and soon 4 100% electric models in its catalog if we include the MG4 that will arrive at European dealerships next October, or later. . the Watts d’Or reference period (which explains why it doesn’t appear there). In fact, old Europe is not so badly defended after all with no less than 9 brands out of 14. Note also that the latest version of the Tesla Model Y is not included in the list, because it has not yet been released. It will not be released in the reference period since it should arrive next December.

autonomy data

  • The average WLTP autonomy of the 20 models and their 48 versions is 479.16 km
  • the median is 480 km
  • The car with the least autonomy is the Citroën ë-Berlingo with 280 km of autonomy WLTP
  • The car with the best autonomy is the Mercedes EQS with 712.5 km of autonomy WLTP

WLTP autonomy

The Mercedes EQS is fairly representative of Mercedes’ efforts at efficiency, with particularly significant work on aerodynamics, symbolized in particular by the Vision EQXX concept. On the other hand, the average WLTP autonomy figure is quite high, which is a surprise. It’s a safe bet that if we questioned people interested in the subject, the answer would probably be closer to 350-400 kilometers, it seems to us. The range data is the official data according to the WLTP standard for combined road and motorway use. Most of the time, the two figures are listed on the manufacturers’ sites and we average the two to get the listed figure.

consumption data

  • The average WLTP consumption of the 20 models and their 48 versions is 18.02 kWh/100 km
  • The median is 17.25 kWh/100 km
  • The car with the lowest consumption is the Toyota bZ4X 2WD with 14.7 kWh/100 km
  • The car with the highest consumption is the BMW iX M60 with 29.5 kWh/100 km

Average consumption of electric vehicles

Once again, most of the data is surprisingly reasonable, but we know that the WLTP standard is subject to caution and that it only reflects reality in a very specific case of eco-driving.

Charging power data

  • The average charging power in the 20 models and their 48 versions is 148.5 kW
  • The median is 135 kW.
  • The car with the highest theoretical charging power is the Tesla Model Y Long Range with 250 kW
  • The car with the lowest theoretical charging power is the Kia Niro EV 2022 with 72 kW

charging power

We note that Tesla with its 400 Volt architecture continues to lead this ranking, but that Kia with the EV6 and its 800 volts is very close to the American brand with 240 kW in its most powerful version. To be more precise, it would have been necessary to measure the load curves, but it was a very difficult task to perform on almost 50 cars. However, it is a long-term job that we carry out in our Supertests.

weight data

  • The average weight of the 20 models and their 48 variants is 2,108 kg.
  • The median is 2,110 kg.
  • The heaviest car is the BMW iX M60 with 2,659 kg
  • The lightest car is the Megane E-TECH EV40 with 1,513 kg

electric car weight

It’s the measure that hurts. And this is obviously an evil that has been known and documented since electric cars have existed. Do you want autonomy? So you will have big batteries, so weight. At the moment, and pending an improvement in technology, we have to settle even for pachyderms of almost 2.7 tons empty.

CX data

  • The average Cx of the 20 models and their 48 variations is 0.261
  • The median is 0.26
  • The car with the best Cx is the Mercedes EQS with 0.20
  • The car with the least favorable Cx is the Volvo C40 Recharge Twin with 0.32

CX

So certainly the Cx is no longer really the relevant measure for judging the aerodynamics and thus the efficiency of a car, the sCx being a closer measure to reality. Problem, practically no manufacturer provides this information. In addition, obtaining the Cx was already very long and complicated, because it is an indication that rarely appears in technical data sheets or brochures. Therefore, we are content to have an idea and to be able to draw at least one comparison.

Price data

  • The average price of the 20 models and their 48 variants – ecological bonus deducted if eligible – is €65,384
  • The median is €53,980
  • The most expensive car is the Mercedes EQS 53 4MATIC+ with €169,850
  • The cheapest car is the MG5 with €26,990

electric vehicle price

Along with weight, price remains the data that still sticks, an impression reinforced by this list of electric cars published during the reference period. We note that MG is attacking the bottom of the market with very competitive prices, but ultimately not necessarily representative of the entire Chinese offensive, whose models to come in Europe (Xpeng, BYD, Nio, etc.) seem to rather target the middle of the range.

In the other data collected, we also note that 31 of 48 models are equipped with a battery preconditioning system before loading, and 36 offer an integrated route planner. We must also move forward in this chapter, because it seems to us that these two functionalities should be part of the essentials of electric trips.

A short word in closing about manufacturers’ websites. Having frequented them regularly and having visited and examined them in particular over the last few weeks to find as much manufacturer data as possible, the general impression that emerges is that of an unsatisfactory user experience, often even painful and tedious. Clearly, in terms of ergonomics and interface, manufacturers seem to privilege the graphic and spectacular side to the detriment of simplicity, which sometimes leads to aberrations in terms of navigation, not to mention general heaviness.

On the other hand, it seems that some manufacturers have taken the floor to make sure that essential data, such as AC and DC charging power and especially charging curves, are not always clearly indicated. Instead we are entitled to nice animations of load time simulations that can certainly give an indication, but are often carried out according to ideal conditions that are rarely realistic.

However, an effort has been made in the configurators, which are generally more intuitive than they could be in the beginning. However, constant requests in the form of commercial pop-ups, chat windows, and other unwanted animations quickly become annoying.

In a future article we will offer you the same type of statistics with the charging networks.

PS: Some comments on the article that opens the public vote lead us to believe that some did not bother to read (or misunderstood) the detailed explanations on the page before the voting form. It is indicated in particular that the scope of Watts d’Or refers to cars launched and available for sale in France in the period from 10/01/2021 to 09/30/2022. Therefore, it is normal that, for example, the Fiat 500 (launched earlier), the MG4 (which will be released later, in October 2022) or the Tesla Model Y Propulsion (December 2022) are not included in this ready. We invite you to carefully read these instructions, where everything is clearly stated.

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